Pemetaan Flora dan Pola Pemanfaatan Lahan Pertanian di Sekitar Daerah Gua Ngguwo Gunungkidul Sebagai Daerah Ekowisata

Sugita, Yohanes De Britto Wicaksono (2014) Pemetaan Flora dan Pola Pemanfaatan Lahan Pertanian di Sekitar Daerah Gua Ngguwo Gunungkidul Sebagai Daerah Ekowisata. S1 thesis, UAJY.

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Abstract

Ngguwo cave is one of the karst caves in the area of Gunung Sewu. Ngguwo cave is a newly discovered cave Pallava UAJY in 2012. The Ngguwo cave is located in the Dusun Klepu, Giriasih Village, District Purwosari, Gunung Kidul. Potential that has been found in the Cave Ngguwo is an underground river that is capable of providing water to residents in the village and Giritirto Giriasih located in Gunung Kidul. Another potential to be made by the Pallava UAJY and NGOs in Gua Gunung Sewu Ngguwo as well as the area around the cave Ngguwo is ecotourism with the concept of education and entertainment that is based on biological garden, protected areas, forest production, and educational tours on land irrigation simulation and pattern utilization of agricultural land into the potential in the area. The purpose of this study was able to study the potential spread of flora and agricultural land use patterns contained in the Cave Ngguwo as the concept of ecotourism. Data collected to achieve the research objectives consist of primary data and secondary data. Primary data is data mapping flora Ngguwo Cave Region, the data mapping patterns of agricultural land use in the surrounding area Ngguwo Cave. Secondary data such as location, topography, soil type, population, common map area Cave Ngguwo, socioeconomic circumstances, temperature, humidity, pH, light intensity, and supporting data for ecotourism planning Ngguwo Cave Region. Data analysis was performed in this study is qualitative analysis and analysis kuanitatif. The data were analyzed qualitatively is the analysis of the diversity of flora and analysis of patterns of agricultural land use. Data were analyzed by kuanitatif, analysis of the diversity of flora and agricultural land use pattern analysis. The results in this study indicate that the forest area in the Cave Zone Ngguwo included in the forest ecosystem season. In Cave Zone Ngguwo obtained 19 species and a total of 772 individuals in 18 plots and 45 sub plots were made with a total area of 0.67 hectares plot is as the unit of observation. The types of flora found in the cave area Ngguwo is Bribil (Gallinsoga parviflora Cav.), Jati londo (Guazuma ulmifolia), Wit ri (Ziziphus spina-christi (L) Desf.), Wedusan (Ageratum conyzoides), Pule pandak (Plumbago indica L.), Meniran (Phyllanthus urinaria Linn), Rumput geganjuran (Paspalum commersonii Lamk.), Akasia (Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. Ex Bl.), Pandan (Pandanus utilis), Jarak (Jatropha curcas), Srengenge (Hyptis capitata), Kacang tanah (Arachis hypogea L.), Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba), Sengon (Albizia chinensis), Duwet (Syzygium cumini), Melinjo (Gnetum gnemon L.), Jati (Tectona grandis), Mahoni (Swietenia macrophylla), and Sonokeling (Dalbergia latifolia). Mapping the flora in the area Cave Ngguwo in this study aims to describe the results of the analysis of the vegetation in the form of information about the structure and composition of the vegetation in the area in the form of maps Ngguwo Cave. Vegetation type, vegetation composition, structure of vegetation and flora in the area of the root system can be a potential cave Ngguwo made a protected area that has ecological function and the function of the protection of ground water in this region. INP (Importance Value Index) at the level of the tree which is found in the high category type Mahogany. INP (Importance Value Index) at levels that were high pole found on the type of Mahogany. INP (Importance Value Index) at the stake level includes categories are found in the type of Mahogany. INP (Importance Value Index) at the seedling stage which includes categories are found in the type of Rosewood. INP vegetation in good Ngguwo Cave Region as a whole, the level of the trees, poles, saplings, seedlings is a reference to make the existing vegetation in the area Cave Ngguwo as the potential to be used as a protected area. Given that the existing vegetation in the region Cave Ngguwo potentially have on the ecological functions of protected areas to be created. The results of the analysis of the potential of useful plants in the area that used Ngguwo Cave Klepu Society shows that of the 19 species found, 18 species (94.74%) has been utilized and 1 species (5.26%) has not been utilized. Species of flora in the area that has been exploited Cave Ngguwo Klepu Society is as medicine, firewood, building materials, wicker and crafts, food, fodder. The species of flora in the area Ngguwo cave was found in this study and was used Klepu Society has potential as productive forest. Ngguwo Cave region also has the potential for making a biological garden used as a place of science, education and research on the vegetation in the area of Cave Ngguwo refers more to the local flora species Ngguwo karst cave area which has an important role as an ecological function, the function of protection against the river bottom ground cave Ngguwo and production functions. The potential of ecotourism in the region Cave Ngguwo of agricultural patterns in terms of the potential alternatives to be able to flow through agricultural land in the area Cave Ngguwo of springs underground river cave Ngguwo that impact on changing the agricultural system, from the previous system of rainfed agriculture into irrigation systems. Knowing also how residents in the area of the cave Ngguwo hereditary conserve their land from soil erosion and learn how residents to take advantage of the root system of perennials.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cave Ngguwo, study the potential spread of the flora in the area Cave Ngguwo, study of potential agricultural land use patterns contained in the Cave ngguwo, the potential for ecotourism
Subjects: Teknobiologi > Tekno Lingkungan
Divisions: Fakultas Teknobiologi > Biologi
Depositing User: Editor UAJY
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2015 10:40
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2015 10:40
URI: http://e-journal.uajy.ac.id/id/eprint/6969

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